Linux is an operating system used mainly by programmers and developers. As we have seen in the previous article, over the years a lot of importance has been given tographic interface e The reason for this choice is soon said: greater accessibility for the average user. Most of the time, in fact, the transition from a Windows system to a Linux system is given by two factors: installation of programs and various versions of an operating system.
Linux operating systems are available through the distro (Distributions) and flavors. Distros are assigned depending on the version of the operating system (example Ubuntu). Flavors, on the other hand, are given depending on the functionality of the operating system (example Kubuntu).
This is due to the fact that Linux is highly configurable, on the programming side, that developers can add functionality or not and more.
In addition, the various distros support all Linux software. Many distros have already installed the various essential programs to be able to use your PC. Other distros have only the basic programs to be able to start using the PC.
However, there are some considerations to make in order to choose your operating system. Do you like more a system that has a Microsoft graphical interface? Do you care about your privacy? The answer to these questions determines the installation of a Linux distro.
Ubuntu, for example, it is the right choice for beginners, as it is designed for beginners. Arch Linux, on the other hand, it is already used by advanced users in order to take full advantage of the command line. Let's see together which are the best distributions of 2021.
- Suitable for beginners
- The LTS version is the safest and most stable
- One version is suitable for less performing PCs
Ubuntu, together with Linux Mint, is the distro recommended for newbies. As well as the most popular and well-known to those who approach the Linux world for the first time. Fortunately, it is also the most supported of the various distributions.
New versions of Ubuntu are released every six months, and every two years the LTS (Long Time Version). The LTS version guarantee 5 years of updates and security, so that you can use your PC without switching to a new operating system within a short time. The standard versions, on the other hand, have a support of one year, but it is always possible to update the operating system in a simple way.
There are also other versions of Ubuntu, which are referred to as derived. The differences from the parent version concern thegraphical interface and operating system functionality. In fact, the effort made by Canonical to give a 360 ° experience is truly remarkable.
Among the various derivatives we find the version for particularly old PCs, Lubuntu. This version uses a very minimal graphic interface and uses few resources to be used.
- Best choice for those coming from Windows
- It has great multimedia support
- It can be installed virtually on any PC
Linux Mint is regarded as one of the best distros for various reasons. One of the main reasons is the graphical interface, which very much recalls that of Windows and will not make you find yourself confused. It has many programs already pre-installed, especially programs for being able to watch movies or listen to music, with the most used Codecs. But the thing that stands out is that very light.
Mint is distributed across three flavor: Cinnamon, Mate and Xfce. These versions differ in graphical interface and installed features. There Xfce it is the lightest flavor of the three. In fact, it is possible to install in very old PCs. Also, from version 20 the TimeShift. The functionality is none other than the Restore Point, a feature well known to those coming from Windows.
- Intriguing graphic interface
- A great desktop environment
- There aren't many pre-installed apps
- System requirements a bit altini
Elementary OS is the distro with the most attractive graphic interface. Thanks to the developers, who have turned to a MacOS-like graphical interface. Unfortunately, this distro, compared to other Linux OSes, is paid (the minimum price is 10 dollars).
The latest version, the Hera, offers many functions compared to the previous ones. First of all, developers have improved application installation through their file manager. They also redesigned the login and lock screen.
The operating system is also supplied with the Epiphany browser, the Geary e-mail client and some basic tools. If you need to add other programs, you can search for the desired program through theAppCenter. Unfortunately, however, most of the programs will be paid, since they will be programmed only for this operating system. However, given the nature of the operating system, it takes nothing away from being able to use opensource options.
- Distro with the best security.
- Highly customizable operating system.
Open Suse, or as it was formerly called Suse Linux, is aimed at programmers and systems engineers. Furthermore, that operating system is extremely safe thanks to its security protocols. The operating system is distributed in two versions: openSUSE Leap e openSUSE Teembleweed. Tumbleweed is based on Factory, the proprietary code of OpenSUSE.
Furthermore, the programs are released as soon as they have been tested on the same Factory. This means that this version of OS has greater stability on programs and is suitable for everyday use.
This operating system is often recommended. In fact, it is often recommended by the DistroWatch portal. Above all, on the proprietary website, it is possible to customize their own version of the operating system, so that each user has their own customized version.
- Optimal package management system
- Various desktop environments tailored to the end user
Debian is one of the historical Linux operating systems. Furthermore, they were the first to introduce a package management system, in order to facilitate the user in installing and removing packages, without using the command line.
Furthermore, Debian is the flagship for Linux. The operating system proposes the development model Open Source at 360 degrees, integrating useful programs for computational calculation, without spending a penny.
The feature that stands out most in the eyes of those who use it, compared to other Linux distributions, is the package management system highly simplified. In fact, it is one of the few operating systems that gives the system administrator the opportunity to install a single package or multiple packages with a simple click.
- High degree of customization
- Not recommended for beginners
Arch Linux is one of the most popular choices among programmers. In fact, its great value lies in the terminal. This operating system makes extensive use of the terminal, which allows you to customize the version in use, run programs and much more.
The operating system tries to keep a simple approach, not for users but to keep code clean and correct. If you want to install this operating system, you will not find many pre-installed programs, just because it tries to keep a minimal environment. Everything you need will be installed by the user, who will be able to do so create your own personalized experience.
And with Arch Linux, this special ends on the best Linux operating systems of this early 2021. The guide also, was written because these were the best operating systems even in years past. Let us know through our channels what you think.