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    Difference between modem and router explained simple

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    Pau Monfort
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    Difference between modem and router explained simple in this article. You are about to discover the difference between router and modem, between the two hardware components that allow you to connect to the Internet. Although they can be combined into one device, modems and routers serve different purposes. A modem and router work in tandem to provide you with an internet connection.


    Even though the modem and router are combined in the same hardware, they perform distinct functions. The modem communicates with the Internet Service Provider to gain access to the Internet; the router acts as a management tool for the local network.



    Difference between modem and WiFi router explained simple

    Your WiFi modem and your router may be similar in appearance, but they have distinct roles when it comes to providing you with an internet connection.

    Even if you're not using your own server, it's a good idea to have a basic understanding of how these two pieces of hardware work in tandem to deliver the Internet. This will make it easier for you to determine the best router and modem configuration for your local network and to troubleshoot any Internet-related problems that may arise.


    Here is a brief explanation of what you should know about your WiFi modem router and get them working optimally.

    Difference modem and router

    The essential difference between a modem and a router is that a modem connects you to the internet as a whole while the router manages and routes the internet to your devices.

    A modem is the gateway for accessing the Internet

    The modem authenticates you and connects you to your chosen Internet Service Provider (ISP), which could be a local provider or a national company.




    Generally, a modem is black, with a game console-like appearance: flashing lights and a sleek, compact design. They can be as small as a smartphone or as large as a cereal box. 

    The main thing you will be concerned with regarding your modem though is its reliability and Internet connection speed.

    Even if you have the latest and fastest type of modem, factors beyond your control can affect your connection. For example, old or damaged cable lines connecting the modem to the ISP can slow down the speed. But that's something your ISP needs to be ready to fix, not you.


    Another problem that can affect modem connectivity is provider availability. For example, if you don't have fiber or 5G internet access, it doesn't matter that your modem is top-notch. The modem will still be limited in its speed, and depending on the type of modem, it may not even work at all.

    There are also two important acronyms to know related to your modem: the ISP and IP address. Your ISP, or Internet Service Provider, is the company you are likely to pay for Internet service. Your modem would be a useless piece of hardware without your ISP communicating with it.

    If you've ever received a copyright correspondence from your ISP, it's because your ISP's knowledge of your computer's IP address: the ISP, using the modem, assigns an IP address to your device when you connect to the network.


    What Modem Router Difference?

    A router will look like the modem - generally square and black, although some will have antennas to help broadcast a WiFi signal. In fact, both the router and the modem may even occupy the same hardware component. However they are still distinct devices with distinct functions.


    While the modem provides the essential pipeline for the larger internet, the router acts as a kind of bouncer, manager, and director of traffic for your local network. The router is a secure control point that routes the internet to your devices while using the internet at the same time. The modem and router work together to connect you to the internet through your internet service provider or ISP.

    An important factor that can affect router connectivity is whether your device is wired or wireless. Wireless networks tend to suffer from interruptions related to the proximity between your devices and the router. 

    Some of the popular router brands are Netgear and Linksys. Whichever brand you choose to use, your router will be the brains behind your local area network (LAN), routing all traffic and assigning local IP addresses to any device using the internet.

    Modem and router in one device

    Sometimes, you will see a piece of hardware that houses both the modem and the router. If so, the hardware is usually provided by your ISP. There are some advantages to the two-in-one model. For starters, it's more compact and easier to set up for novice users.


    However, the advantages of two separate components have an advantage over the convenience of a combined system. With a separate router and modem, there are more opportunities for hardware upgrades and also better access to network ports, which are especially useful if you want to wire the connection with an Ethernet cable. Connecting to the internet via an Ethernet cable will typically give you a faster connection than WiFi.

    The fact that the router is separate from the modem also allows you to place the router in the most ideal location for optimal wireless coverage. 


    And technically you don't even have to have a router - you can bypass a router in favor of connecting directly to the modem with an Ethernet cable. However, the practice is more inconvenient than WiFi.

    A mesh network does not replace the need for a router and a modem

    You may also have heard of a "mesh network" when you looked at the best way to wire your home. However, a mesh network should not be confused with being a total replacement for a modem router connection. Instead, a mesh network is a way to extend the range of your wireless router. 

    Even with a device like Google's Wi-Fi system, which essentially replaces the traditional router in favor of mesh, you'll still need an ISP and a modem in the end.

    It might be worth buying a modem and router

    There are a few factors to consider when it comes to buying your router and modem hardware or “leasing” the hardware from your ISP and often this is a rental agreement and not a one-time purchase.

    Of course, you could save money over time by investing in your hardware. However, there is no guarantee that the internet service providers available are compatible with the hardware you own.

    On the other hand, renting the modem and / or router means an additional monthly fee, and you also have the hassle of returning the hardware when your contract with the ISP ends.

    Ways to troubleshoot modem or router problems

    The most common solution for a variety of modem problems, such as problems in the modem firmware or other software malfunctions, is the “power cycle,” which means turning the modem off and on again. The same solution applies to the router.

    The next solution is to check the cables. We recommend that you make sure that the Ethernet cable and power adapters are connected correctly. 

    Other problems include relocating the router to eliminate WiFi dead spots in your home / office, updating the firmware, and changing the network security key in case someone else has accessed your connection. http://192.168.1.1: test and configure your wifi connection

    Further Reading:

    • How to reset your modem / router with ease
    • What is a WPA2 password? I'll explain it to you
    • How to enable the firewall built into your wireless modem router
    • How to find Windows and MAC modem IP address
    • How to set up a router: step by step guide
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